Intermodal and Trucking News, Dec 2016:
Federal 5 year Plan for Connected Vehicle Requirements
The Department of Transportation recently introduced guidelines to enhance connected vehicle technology. According to federal officials, this technology can reduce up to 80% of crashes that happen on U.S. highways. The rule requires the vehicle industry to begin implementation of vehicle-to-vehicle communications, with a delivery time of two years. According to the new framework, state agencies will continue handling the human aspect of vehicle operation such as vehicle registration and licensing as well as regulating insurance and liability questions.
How it Works
The proposed guidelines will first be subjected to a public hearing and comment, for 90 days. During this period, the public is expected to give their views and feedback, which will be taken into consideration, before the final regulations are released. According to Anthony Foxx, U.S. Transportation Secretary, the rules are expected to be operational one year after commencement. That schedule means that more than 50% of vehicles sold in the U.S. market, would be fitted with V2V transceivers, by mid 2020.
The transportation secretary expects, 100% compliance by 2022. A vehicle fitted with these systems would be able to broadcast information related to their location, direction and speed. Other adjacent vehicles will then use that information to assess whether there is an imminent collision. In such an instance, the driver will be alerted. If the driver fails to respond within the timeline, the system will immediately the automatic braking system of the vehicle, together with other crash-avoidance mechanisms.
Beginning 2022, auto manufacturers have agreed to fit all light vehicles with automatic emergency braking systems. The auto industry is currently reviewing the regulations and how the compatibility of the technology to other systems being implemented in automobiles.
Some people in the auto industry have already opposed the proposed legislations. They feel that the timing is right, due to the transition of power happening in the U.S. Some believe that the incoming administration might scuttle the move, despite its benefits to all road users, both pedestrians and motorists.
The technology is expected to complement the already existing vehicle-to-infrastructure technology, commonly known as V2I. The V2I technology provides vehicles with information regarding the traffic infrastructure, traffic signals, as well as the roads where they are driving at. When the two systems are combined, the vehicle will be able to receive even weather and traffic conditions.
There are certain technical issues that need to addressed before the V2V system can operate as expected. However, transportation experts believe that it is a step in the right direction, when it comes to minimizing road carnages.
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